South Carolina Avenue History

Lincoln Park Area in Civil War

Lincoln General Hospital covered a large area around Lincoln Park during the Civil War.  Since President Lincoln was known to visit many hospitals during the war, it is possible that he visited this hospital some time during the war.

 The following image and information is comes from the US National Library of Medicine at



Lincoln General Hospital Covered 13th and South Carolina Avenue in Civil War

Lincoln General Hospital
East Capitol and 15th Streets
Washington, DC


Opened in December 1862, Lincoln General was the largest of the military hospitals in the area built by the Army to take care of the Civil War casualties. It was located on Capitol Hill, 15 blocks east of the Capitol building. The hospital complex included 20 pavilions, arranged in two lines forming a V, and 25 tent wards, which provided altogether a bed capacity of 2,575. The kitchen and dining rooms were connected to the pavilions by means of a covered pathway. In addition to the headquarters (marked by the flag), there were officers quarters, quarters for Sisters who provided nursing service, barracks, guard house, separate quarters for contrabands, and service facilities such as water tank, laundry, barber shop, carpenter shop, stables and a morgue ("Dead House"). Like most other military hospitals, Lincoln General was taken down shortly after the Civil War. The area once occupied by Lincoln General is now a residental district.

Lincoln General Hospital

 There are two pictures from inside the hospital in the book Capitol Hill (DC) (Images of America) by Paul K. Williams, Gregory J. Alexander.

You can see those images by finding the book on and doing a "search inside this book" for "lincoln hospital".

Receipt from Lincoln General Hospital

I purchased this original document and it is now in my collection.